Bidirectional tornado modes on the joint european torus
2007 (English)In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, Vol. 14, no 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In discharges on the Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut and B. E. Keen, Fusion Technol. 11, 13 (1987)] with safety factor q(0)< 1 and high-power ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH), monster sawtooth crashes are preceded by frequency sweeping tornado modes in the toroidal Alfven eigenmode frequency range. A suite of equilibrium and spectral magnetohydrodynamical codes is used for explaining the observed evolution of the tornado mode frequency and for identifying temporal evolution of the safety factor inside the q=1 radius just before sawtooth crashes. In some cases, the tornado modes are observed simultaneously with both positive and negative toroidal mode numbers. Hence, a free energy source other than the radial gradient of the energetic ion pressure exciting these modes is sought. The distribution function of the ICRH-accelerated ions is assessed with the SELFO code [J. Hedin , Nucl. Fusion 42, 527 (2002)] and energetic particle drive due to the velocity space anisotropy of ICRH-accelerated ions is considered analytically as the possible source for excitation of bidirectional tornado modes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 14, no 12
toroidal alfven eigenmodes, orbit width, energetic ions, jet tokamak, toroidicity, plasmas, stabilization, instabilities, discharges, excitation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17191DOI: 10.1063/1.2804084ISI: 000251988200026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-37549051247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-17191DiVA: diva2:335234
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved