Interactions between adsorbed layers of cationic gemini surfactants
2008 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 24, no 4, 1133-1140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The forces acting between glass and between mica surfaces in the presence of two cationic gemini surfactants, 1,4 diDDAB (1,4-butyl-bis(dimethyldodecylammonium bromide)) and 1,12 diDDAB (1,12-dodecyl-bis(dimethyldodecylammonium bromide)), have been investigated below the critical micelle concentration (cmc) of the surfactants using two different surface force techniques. In both cases, it was found that a recharging of the surfaces occurred at a surfactant concentration of about 0.1 x cmc, and at all surfactant concentrations investigated repulsive double-layer forces dominated the interaction at large separations. At smaller separations, attractive forces, or regions of separation with (close to) constant force, were observed. This was interpreted as being due to desorption and rearrangement in the adsorbed layer induced by the proximity of a second surface. Analysis of the decay length of the repulsive double-layer force showed that the majority of the gemini surfactants were fully dissociated. However, the degree of ion pair formation, between a gemini surfactant and a bromide counterion, increased with increasing surfactant concentration and was larger for the gemini surfactant with a shorter spacer length.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 24, no 4, 1133-1140 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17321DOI: 10.1021/la702940pISI: 000253130900004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-40449142634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-17321DiVA: diva2:335365
QC 201507212010-08-052010-08-052015-07-21Bibliographically approved