Evaluation of TiO2 as catalyst support in Pt-TiO2/C composite cathodes for the proton exchange membrane fuel cell
2008 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 180, no 1, 185-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Anatase TiO2 is evaluated as catalyst support material in authentic Pt-TiO2/C composite gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), as a different approach in the context of improving the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) cathode stability. A thermal stability study shows high carbon stability as Pt nanoparticles are supported on TiO2 instead of carbon in the Pt-TiO2/C composite material, presumably due to a reduced direct contact between Pt and C. The performance of Pt-TiO2/C cathodes is investigated electrochemically in assembled membrane-electrode assemblies (MEAs) considering the added carbon fraction and Pt concentration deposited on TiO2. The O-2 reduction current for the Pt-TiO2 alone is expectedly low due to the low electronic conductivity in bulk TiO2. However, the Pt-TiO2/C composite cathodes show enhanced fuel cell cathode performance with growing carbon fraction and increasing Pt concentration deposited on TiO2. The proposed reasons for these observations are improved macroscopic and local electronic conductivity, respectively. Electron micrographs of fuel cell tested Pt-TiO2/C composite cathodes illustrate only a minor Pt migration in the Pt-TiO2/C structure, in which anatase TiO2 is used as Pt support. On the whole, the study demonstrates a stable Pt-TiO2/C Composite material possessing a performance comparable to conventional Pt-C materials when incorporated in a PEMFC cathode.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 180, no 1, 185-190 p.
titanium dioxide, carbon degradation, cathode performance, proton, exchange membrane fuel cell, polymer electrolyte fuel cell, electrochemical characteristics, electrolyte, pemfc, electrocatalysts, degradation, situ, size, pefc
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17547DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.02.023ISI: 000256069900023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-17547DiVA: diva2:335591
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-09-22Bibliographically approved