Comparing spatial patterns of robbery: Evidence from a Western and an Eastern European city
2008 (English)In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 25, no 4, 185-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, we test hypotheses about the spatial variation in rates of robbery in West and East European cities (Cologne, Germany and Tallinn, Estonia). This comparison represents an interesting case study because Tallinn is an example of former socialist cities which have undergone a period of profound political and socio-economic change since the country's independence in the early 1990s (including EU membership). These changes are expected to have implications for the level and composition of offences as well as their geographies. Using cross-sectional datasets, we examine whether or not levels and patterns of robbery in Tallinn follow similar processes to the ones found in Cologne applying GIS (Geographical Information System) and spatial statistical techniques. Findings show that although levels of robberies (rates) are higher in Tallinn than in Cologne, their geography (ratios) follows the same overlapping components of social contexts, as social disorganization and, particularly, routine activities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 25, no 4, 185-196 p.
robbery, space-time patterns, GIS, Tallinn, Cologne, routine activities, collective efficacy, social exclusion, hot-spots, crime, neighborhoods, multilevel, ethnicity, germany
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17804DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2008.04.002ISI: 000258980000001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-47549116529OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-17804DiVA: diva2:335849
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved