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Leaching of metals from oxidising sulphide mine tailings with and without sewage sludge application
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Geochemistry and Ecotechnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8771-7941
2008 (English)In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, E-ISSN 1573-2932, Vol. 194, no 1-4, 331-341 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A 20-month column experiment investigated leaching of Al, Cu, Mn, Ni, Zn, Cd and Pb during sulphide oxidation in mine tailings with and without sewage sludge (SS) amendment. Leachate pH decreased gradually in all columns during the experiment, irrespective of treatment, due to sulphide oxidation. As the degree of sulphide oxidation, and thus the pH trajectory, differed between replicates (n=3), running data for each column used are reported separately and the relationships between sulphide oxidation, metal leaching and treatment in each column compared. Mean pH in the columns correlated negatively with total amounts of leached SO4 (2-). In the beginning of the experiment the leachate concentrations of Al, Cu, Zn, Ni and Pb were higher in SS-treated columns due to high initial concentrations of dissolved organic carbon. As leaching proceeded, however, the amounts of Al, Cu, Mn and Ni leached from the columns were closely related to the degree of sulphide oxidation in each column, i.e. to its mean pH. There were no statistically significant differences between treatments regarding the total amounts of metals leached and thus addition of sewage sludge to the tailings appeared to play a minor role for metal leaching patterns. Peak concentrations of Al and Cu in the leachate from untreated tailings and of Zn in the leachate from both untreated and SS-treated tailings at pH 4 exceeded national background values for groundwater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 194, no 1-4, 331-341 p.
Keyword [en]
dissolved organic carbon, metal leaching, mine tailings, sewage sludge, sulphide oxidation, dissolved organic-matter, trace-metals, soil, copper, amendments, oxidation, mobility, iron, zinc, complexation
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17819DOI: 10.1007/s11270-008-9720-1ISI: 000259143200027OAI: diva2:335864
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Jon Petter
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Environmental Geochemistry and Ecotechnology
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