Northern Hemisphere Stationary Waves in Future Climate Projections
2008 (English)In: Journal of Climate, ISSN 0894-8755, E-ISSN 1520-0442, Vol. 21, no 23, 6341-6353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The response of the atmospheric large-scale circulation to an enhanced greenhouse gas (GHG) forcing varies among coupled global climate model (CGCM) simulations. In this study, 16 CGCM simulations of the response of the climate system to a 1% yr(-1) increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration to quadrupling are analyzed with focus on Northern Hemisphere winter. A common signal in 14 out of the 16 simulations is an increased or unchanged stationary wave amplitude. A majority of the simulations may be categorized into one of three groups based on the GHG-induced changes in the atmospheric stationary waves. The response of the zonal mean barotropic wind is similar within each group. Fifty percent of the simulations belong to the first group, which is categorized by a stationary wave with five waves encompassing the entire NH and a strengthening of the zonal mean barotropic wind. The second and third groups, respectively consisting of three and two simulations, are characterized by a broadening and a northward shift of the zonal mean barotropic wind, respectively. A linear model of barotropic vorticity is employed to study the importance of these mean flow changes to the stationary wave response. The linear calculations indicate that the GHG-induced mean wind changes explain 50%, 4%, and 37% of the stationary wave changes in each group, respectively. Thus, for the majority of simulations the zonal mean wind changes do significantly explain the stationary wave response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 21, no 23, 6341-6353 p.
atmospheric circulation, atlantic oscillation, tropical tropopause, teleconnections, simulations, europe, winter, gcm
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18055DOI: 10.1175/2008jcli2373.1ISI: 000261754100014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-60749135607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18055DiVA: diva2:336101
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved