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Spent nuclear fuel policies in historical perspective: An international comparison
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9687-1940
2009 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 37, no 1, 254-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to explain why the world's nuclear power countries differ from each other with respect to their spent nuclear fuel (SNF) policies. The emergence and evolution of three principal SNF approaches are analyzed: direct disposal, reprocessing and SNF export. Five broad explanatory factors are identified and discussed in relation to the observed differences in policy outcomes: military ambitions and non-proliferation, technological culture, political culture and civil society, geological conditions, and energy policy. SNF policy outcomes can generally be seen to result from a complex interaction between these broad factors, but it is also possible to discern a number of important patterns. To the extent that the five factors may undergo far-reaching changes in the future, the historical experience of how they have shaped SNF policies also give a hint of possible future directions in SNF policymaking around the world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 37, no 1, 254-263 p.
Keyword [en]
Spent nuclear fuel, Reprocessing, Nuclear power policy, plutonium
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18082DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.09.043ISI: 000262215900026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-56949104179OAI: diva2:336128
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2010-12-23Bibliographically approved

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