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A survey of cellulose biosynthesis in higher plants
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience.
2008 (English)In: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY, ISSN 1342-4580, Vol. 25, no 3, 315-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose plays a central role in plant development and its biosynthesis represents one of the most important biochemical processes in plant biology. However, the corresponding molecular mechanisms are not well understood, despite the progress made in the past years in the identification of genes that code for the catalytic subunits of the cellulose synthases and other proteins potentially involved in cellulose formation. A major bottleneck is the high instability of the cellulose synthase complexes and their location in the plasma membrane. Additional efforts are currently being made to unravel the mechanisms of cellulose biosynthesis. Indeed, understanding how cellulose is formed and how its crystallinity is achieved is relevant not only for studying plant development, but also for improving the digestibility of the plant biomass, which is foreseen as an alternative to fossil fuels for the production of energy. This review summarizes the major unanswered questions related to the process of cellulose biosynthesis, and describes the recent progress that has been made in the area through the combination of biochemical approaches and molecular genetics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 25, no 3, 315-322 p.
Keyword [en]
Callose, carbohydrate biosynthesis, cellulose synthase, cell wall, synthase catalytic subunits, cotton gossypium-hirsutum, cell-suspension, cultures, beta-glucan synthesis, cesa gene family, in-vitro, arabidopsis-thaliana, crystal-structure, bacterial cellulose, detergent, extracts
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18117ISI: 000262639800017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-46849089318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18117DiVA: diva2:336163
Note
QC 20100525. Konferensbidrag från "Colloquium on Frontiers in Plant Biotechnology Stockholm, SWEDEN, OCT 04, 2007".Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

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