Effects of gamma-irradiation on the stability of colloidal Na+-Montmorillonite dispersions
2009 (English)In: Applied Clay Science, ISSN 0169-1317, E-ISSN 1872-9053, Vol. 43, no 1, 86-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In many concepts for final storage of spent nuclear fuel bentonite will be used as an engineered barrier, mainly due to its inertness, plasticity and ability to retard transport of radionuclides by adsorption. In the event of water-bearing fractures making contact with the bentonite barrier, generation and transport of colloidal particles will strongly depend on groundwater composition and the surface properties of the colloidal particles. The bentonite barrier will unavoidably be exposed to ionizing radiation from the spent nuclear fuel but very little is known about effects of ionizing radiation on bentonite concerning colloidal stability. In this work we have studied the effect of gamma-radiation on the stability of dilute colloidal Na+-montmorillonite dispersions using a Cs-137 gamma-source (doses of 0-53.2 kGy). Aggregation kinetics and sedimentation experiments revealed significant radiation effects, evident as increased colloid stability. The only rationale for this is a gamma-radiation induced increase in surface potential. The effects appeared to depend on the Na+-montmorillonite concentration in the irradiated dispersions, indicating that the change in surface potential is induced by aqueous radiolysis products.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 1, 86-90 p.
Radiation effects, gamma-radiation, Montmorillonite, Colloid stability, Bentonite
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18118DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2008.07.004ISI: 000262658000013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-57649085839OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18118DiVA: diva2:336164
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-06-08Bibliographically approved