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Substitutional alloy of Ce and Al
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
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2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 106, no 8, 2515-2518 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The formation of substitutional alloys has been restricted to elements with similar atomic radii and electronegativity. Using high-pressure at 298 K, we synthesized a face-centered cubic disordered alloy of highly dissimilar elements (large Ce and small Al atoms) by compressing the Ce3Al intermetallic compound > 15 GPa or the Ce3Al metallic glass > 25 GPa. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction, Ce L-3-edge absorption spectroscopy, and ab initio calculations revealed that the pressure-induced Kondo volume collapse and 4f electron delocalization of Ce reduced the differences between Ce and Al and brought them within the Hume-Rothery (HR) limit for substitutional alloying. The alloy remained after complete release of pressure, which was also accompanied by the transformation of Ce back to its ambient 4f electron localized state and reversal of the Kondo volume collapse, resulting in a non-HR alloy at ambient conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 106, no 8, 2515-2518 p.
Keyword [en]
4f electron delocalization, Ce-Al solid solution alloy, high pressure, Hume-Rothery rules, metallic glass, high-pressure, metallic glasses, crystal-structure, room-temperature, alpha transition, cerium metal, behavior, approximation, potassium, chemistry
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18204DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0813328106ISI: 000263652900011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-62449280994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18204DiVA: diva2:336250
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2011-01-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Theoretical Investigations of Compressed Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical Investigations of Compressed Materials
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of high pressure as a tool to design new materials as well as to investigatematerials properties has become increasingly important during last one decade. The maingoal of the present thesis is to enhance the significance of the high pressure method as aquantitative tool in solid state investigations. Virtually all of the properties of solids aredirectly determined by their electronic structure. Similarly, the changes in the propertiesof solids under pressure are determined by the changes in the electronic structure underpressure. We have attempted to provide a comprehensive description of the resulting theoryin a electronic structure and the properties of condensed matter.

The theoretical basis for these investigations is the density functional theory, in combinationwith ab initio method. The study of pressure induced phase transitions for thecompounds of CaF2, Cr2GeC, Ti3SiC2, as well as V at 0 K are presented. The latticeparameters, the phase transition pressures, the equation of states, the electronic structureshave been calculated and shown a good agreement with experimental results.

A lattices dynamic study of the body center cubic (bcc) Fe under high pressure andhigh temperature is presented. The bcc iron could dynamical stabilize in the Earth innercore conditions. The unusual phase transition of bcc V under high pressure is investigatedand it is shown that the driving mechanism is electron-phonon interaction.

Finally, a method based on the LDA+U approach has been applied to study spin statetransition in FeCO3. Our results show that magnetic entropy play a significant role in spinstate transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. 34 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24641 (URN)9789174157352 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-10-08, Sal D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100920Available from: 2010-09-20 Created: 2010-09-20 Last updated: 2010-09-22Bibliographically approved

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