Analyses of the grouting results for a section of the APSE tunnel at Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Rock Mechanics And Mining Sciences, ISSN 1365-1609, Vol. 46, no 3, 439-449 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The grouting results for a tunnel at a depth of 450 min crystalline rock at Aspo HRL were studied. The aims were to investigate whether the methodology used resulted in a successful grouting design and producing a sufficiently dry tunnel, and whether grout penetration and inflow into the finished tunnel corresponded to the predictions. An analysis was made of data from an original cored borehole, drilled before the tunnel was constructed and mapped thoroughly with regard to fractures and transmissivities. The predicted inflow into the tunnel was calculated and found to be four times higher than the measured inflow. The latter was 51/min a long the 70 m tunnel, considered to be a good result at the current depth. New cored control boreholes were drilled along a section of the tunnel. The inflow positions and quantities in these holes, and the positions of grout found in the corresponding cores, were compared with the data from the original borehole. It was found that at the predicted positions of larger fractures, grout was observed and there was no inflow, showing that these had been successfully sealed. At the predicted positions of small fractures, no grout was visible in the cores, and small inflows showed that the grout had not sealed these fractures. The results indicated that cement-based grout successfully sealed fractures down to a hydraulic aperture of about 50 mm but not below 30 mm. This concurs with the initial design aimed at sealing fractures larger than 50 mm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 46, no 3, 439-449 p.
Fractures, Fractured rock, Hydraulic aperture, Grouting, Grout, penetration, Inflow
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18290DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2008.02.003ISI: 000264562300001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-60749098364OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18290DiVA: diva2:336336
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-02-07Bibliographically approved