Thermal-hydraulic performance of heavy liquid metal in straight-tube and U-tube heat exchangers
2009 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 239, no 7, 1323-1330 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Motivated by an increased interest in heavy liquid metal (lead or lead alloy) cooled fast reactors (LFR) and accelerator-driven system (ADS), the present paper presents a study on resistance characteristics and heat transfer performance of liquid lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) flow through a straight-tube heat exchanger and a U-tube heat exchanger. The investigation is performed on the TALL test facility at KTH. The heat exchangers have counter-current flow arrangement, and are made from a pair of 1-m-long concentric ducts, with the LBE flowing in the inner tube of 10mm I.D. and the secondary coolant flowing in the annulus. The inlet temperature of LBE into the heat exchangers is from 200 degrees C to 450 degrees C with temperature drops from 0 degrees C to 100 degrees C within the LBE flow range of Re = 10(4)-10(5). Analysis of the experimental results obtained provides a basic understanding and quantification of the regimes of lead-bismuth flow and heat transfer through a straight tube and a U-shaped tube. The unique data base also serves as benchmark and improvement for system thermal-hydraulic codes (e.g. RELAP, TRAC/AAA) whose development and testing were dominantly driven by applications in water-cooled systems. Lessons and insights learnt from the study and recommendations for the heat exchanger selection are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 239, no 7, 1323-1330 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18519DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2009.03.014ISI: 000267026100019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-67349250469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18519DiVA: diva2:336566
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-02-01Bibliographically approved