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Melting of Fe and Fe0.9375Si0.0625 at Earth's core pressures studied using ab initio molecular dynamics
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Condensed Matter Theory. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7531-3210
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Condensed Matter Theory.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2076-5911
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2009 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 79, no 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The issue of melting of pure iron and iron alloyed with lighter elements at high pressure is critical to the physics of the Earth. The iron melting curve in the relevant pressure range between 3 and 4 Mbar is reasonably well established from the theoretical point of view. However, so far no one attempted a direct atomistic simulation of iron alloyed with light elements. We investigate here the impact of alloying the body-centered cubic (bcc) Fe with Si. We simulate melting of the bcc Fe and Fe0.9375Si0.0625 alloy by ab initio molecular dynamics. The addition of light elements to the hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) iron is known to depress its melting temperature (T-m). We obtain, in marked contrast, that alloying of bcc Fe with Si does not lead to T-m depression; on the contrary, the T-m slightly increases. This suggests that if Si is a typical impurity in the Earth's inner core, then the stable phase in the core is bcc rather than hcp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 79, no 22
Keyword [en]
ab initio calculations, Earth core, high-pressure effects, iron, iron, alloys, melting, molecular dynamics method, silicon alloys, centered-cubic phase, inner-core, in-situ, iron, anisotropy, temperature, transitions, equation, physics, state
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18574DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.220102ISI: 000267699300002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-68949121243OAI: diva2:336621
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2010-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Belonoshko, Anatoly B.Rosengren, AndersJohansson, Börje
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Condensed Matter TheoryApplied Material Physics
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