The observation of nano-crystalline calcium phosphate precipitate in a simple supersaturated inorganic blood serum model - composition and morphology
2009 (English)In: Journal of Applied Biomaterials and Biomechanics, ISSN 1722-6899, Vol. 7, no 1, 13-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim. Calcium phosphate deposition in blood vessels is correlated to increased mortality risk. In this study, the formation of solid calcium phosphate in an in vitro solution mimicking the inorganic part of blood serum was studied. Methods. The precipitates formed were analyzed using several experimental techniques, including infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, chemical analysis of combustion gases, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Results. The results indicate a microscopically amorphous but nano-crystalline material with an overall apatite structure. A plausible stoichiometry was determined to Ca-5(PO4)(3)(HCO3)center dot 4H(2)O with an estimated solubility constant of 6.10(-39) (mol/L)(9). Bicarbonate in the water solution was shown to be essential for the precipitation, giving implications for in vitro studies. Conclusions. The calcium phosphate formed in this study shows many similarities to pathological calcium phosphates regarding composition, morphology and crystallinity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 7, no 1, 13-22 p.
Apatite, Carbonated apatite, Mineralization, Nano-crystalline
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18697ISI: 000269103400002PubMedID: 20740434ScopusID: 2-s2.0-68149130919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18697DiVA: diva2:336744
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-12-20Bibliographically approved