Speciation of aluminium, arsenic and molybdenum in excessively limed lakes
2009 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 407, no 18, 5119-5127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The possible existence of the potentially toxic oxyanions of Al (AI(OH)(4)(-)). As (HAsO42-), and Mo (MoO42-) was examined in excessively limed lakes. In-situ dialysis (MWCO 1 kDa) was performed in the surface and bottom waters of two excessively limed lakes (pH 7.1-7.7) and one acidic lake (pH similar to 5.4). The dialysable metal concentrations were compared to the equilibrium distribution of species as calculated with the geochemical code Visual MINTEQ incorporating the CD-MUSIC and Stockholm Humic models for complexation onto colloidal ferrihydrite and dissolved organic matter. Arsenic and molybdenum in the excessively limed lakes were to a large extent present in the dialysable fraction (>79% and >92% respectively). They were calculated to exist as free or adsorbed oxyanions. Most of the Al was observed to reside in the colloidal fraction (51-82%). In agreement with this, model predictions indicated aluminium to be present mostly as colloids or bound to dissolved organic matter. Only a small fraction was modelled as AI(OH)(4)(-) ions. In most cases, modelled values were in agreement with the dialysis results. The free concentrations of the three oxyanions were mostly low compared to toxic levels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 407, no 18, 5119-5127 p.
Trace metals, Lakes, Liming, In-situ dialysis, Geochemical modeling, trace-metal speciation, fresh-waters, aquatic environments, charge-distribution, humic substances, aqueous aluminum, organic-matter, surface waters, natural-waters, toxicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18703DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.05.034ISI: 000269228000018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-67650999500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18703DiVA: diva2:336750
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052012-05-11Bibliographically approved