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THE NON-NEWTONIAN FLUID MECHANICS OF TECHNICAL FIBRE SUSPENSIONS: COMPRESSIVE FLOWS
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
2009 (English)In: Applied Rheology, ISSN 1430-6395, E-ISSN 1617-8106, Vol. 19, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The flow of non-Newtonian technical fibre suspensions (paper pulps) through a number of contractions is analysed and compared. Traditionally technical fibre flows are modelled as flow of fibres in a suspending medium. Here they are treated as crowded flows of fibre flocs from which the liquid may be squeezed in and out from. Compressive flows are common in the fibre-based process industry. They can e.g. be found in the head-box of a paper machine, in extruder nozzles in polymer technology, in the stirrer zone of mixers, etc. Traditionally such flows are analysed in elongational flow terms. Here it will be demonstrated that elongational and compressive flows for technical fibres suspensions differ qualitatively. The nature of technical fibre flocs is also discussed. For historic reasons they have come to be regarded as the outcome of a flocculation process of electrostatic-colloidal and/or mechanical-entanglement type. It will be shown that such a process is unnecessary for technical fibre suspensions and that these flocs are qualitatively different, viz. frozen-developed dissipative structures of the flocky fibre flow from which they originate. It will also be demonstrated that technical fibre flocs, in contrast with flocs of the chemically flocked type, are basically non-coherent, i.e. not kept together by themselves. It is this non-coherence that makes a compressive approach fruitful, for these economically important flows. An attempt to explain the reasons behind the present state of fibre flow theory is presented. The ambition is to stop to the present inproductive tradition in technical fibre flow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 19, no 4
Keyword [en]
fibre, suspension, flow, compressive, elongational, technical, flocculation, simulations
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18720ISI: 000269419000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70350373500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18720DiVA: diva2:336767
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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