Immobilization of selenate by iron in aqueous solution under anoxic conditions and the influence of uranyl
2009 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 392, no 3, 519-524 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In proposed high level radioactive waste repositories a large part of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) canisters are commonly composed of iron. Selenium is present in spent nuclear fuel as a long lived fission product. This study investigates the influence of iron on the uptake of dissolved selenium in the form of selenate and the effect of the presence of dissolved uranyl on the above interaction of selenate. The iron oxide, and selenium speciation on the surfaces was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy was used to determine the oxidation state of the selenium and uranium on the surfaces. Under the simulated groundwater conditions (10 mM NaCl, 2 mM NaHCO3, <0.1 ppm O2) the immobilized selenate was found to be reduced to oxidation states close to zero or lower and uranyl was found to be largely reduced to U(IV). The near simultaneous reduction of uranyl was found to greatly enhance the rate of selenate reduction. These findings suggest that the presence of uranyl being reduced by an iron surface could substantially enhance the rate of reduction of selenate under anoxic conditions relevant for a repository.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 392, no 3, 519-524 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18773DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.04.016ISI: 000269963500021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-67651100645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18773DiVA: diva2:336820
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-18Bibliographically approved