The effective convectivity model for simulation of melt pool heat transfer in a light water reactor pressure vessel lower head. Part II: Model assessment and application
2009 (English)In: Progress in nuclear energy (New series), ISSN 0149-1970, Vol. 51, no 8, 860-871 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The paper reports detailed assessments and representative application of the effective convectivity model (ECM) developed and described in the companion paper (Tran and Dinh, submitted for publication). The ECM capability to accurately predict energy splitting and heat flux profiles in volumetrically heated liquid pools of different geometries over a range of conditions related to accident progression is examined and benchmarked against both experimental data and CFD results. Augmented with models for phase changes in binary mixture, the resulting PECM (phase-change ECM) is validated against a non-eutectic heat transfer experiment. The PECM tool is then applied to predict thermal loads imposed on the reactor vessel wall and Control Rod Guide Tubes (CRGTs) during core debris heatup and melting in the BWR lower plenum. The reactor-scale simulations demonstrate the PECM's high computational performance, particularly needed to analyze processes during long transients of severe accidents. The analysis provides additional arguments to support an outstanding potential of using the CRGT cooling as a severe accident management measure to delay the vessel failure and increase the likelihood of in-vessel core melt retention in the BWR.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 51, no 8, 860-871 p.
Severe accident, Melt pool formation, Natural convection, Corium, coolability, Effective convectivity, Validation, natural-convection
Energy Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18847DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2009.06.001ISI: 000270636000011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18847DiVA: diva2:336894
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-17Bibliographically approved