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The Brain in Its Body: Motor Control and Sensing in a Biomechanical Context
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computational Biology, CB.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2792-1622
2009 (English)In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 29, no 41, 12807-12814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it is widely recognized that adaptive behavior emerges from the ongoing interactions among the nervous system, the body, and the environment, it has only become possible in recent years to experimentally study and to simulate these interacting systems. We briefly review work on molluscan feeding, maintenance of postural control in cats and humans, simulations of locomotion in lamprey, insect, cat and salamander, and active vibrissal sensing in rats to illustrate the insights that can be derived from studies of neural control and sensing within a biomechanical context. These studies illustrate that control may be shared between the nervous system and the periphery, that neural activity organizes degrees of freedom into biomechanically meaningful subsets, that mechanics alone may play crucial roles in enforcing gait patterns, and that mechanics of sensors is crucial for their function.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 29, no 41, 12807-12814 p.
Keyword [en]
equilibrium-point hypothesis, trigeminal ganglion neurons, human, postural responses, aplysia-californica, muscle synergies, distinguishes ingestion, sensorimotor system, whisker vibrations, support-surface, nervous-system
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18870DOI: 10.1523/jneurosci.3338-09.2009ISI: 000270845000014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70350450545OAI: diva2:336917
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2010-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Ekeberg, Örjan
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