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Rare earth elements in alpha-Ti: A first-principles investigation
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
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2009 (English)In: Computational materials science, ISSN 0927-0256, Vol. 46, no 4, 1187-1191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The interaction energies between substitutional rare earth (RE) atoms, between RE and interstitial C, N, O, H atoms, as well as between RE and vacancies in alpha-Ti are calculated via first-principles density-functional theory with projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials. The results show that the RE-vacancy and RE-RE interactions are attractive due to the weaker RE-Ti bond than the host Ti-Ti bond. All of the RE atoms investigated in this paper are repulsive to C and N, but attractive to H. RE-O interactions are repulsive for the light RE atoms, though the interactions are very weak for the heavy RE atoms. The mechanism underlying the interactions and their possible influence on the properties of Ti alloys are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 46, no 4, 1187-1191 p.
Keyword [en]
First-principles calculations, Rare earth elements, Interstitial, impurities, Titanium alloy, strengthened titanium-alloys, augmented-wave method, creep-properties, microstructure, impurities, particles, hydrogen, tensile, energy, metal
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18886DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2009.06.005ISI: 000271024000052Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70249148545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18886DiVA: diva2:336933
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2012-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Vitos, Levente

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