Critical fluctuations and anomalous transport in soft Yukawa-Langevin systems
2009 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Simulation of a Langevin-dynamics model demonstrates emergence of critical fluctuations and anomalous grain transport which have been observed in experiments on "soft" quasi-two-dimensional dusty plasma clusters. Our model does not contain external drive or plasma interactions that serve to drive the system away from thermodynamic equilibrium. The grains are confined by an external potential, interact via static Yukawa forces, and are subject to stochastic heating and dissipation from neutrals. One remarkable feature is emergence of leptokurtic probability distributions of grain displacements xi(tau) on time scales tau <>(1/2) approaches the mean intergrain distance Delta. Others are development of humps in the distributions on multiples of Delta, anomalous Hurst exponents, and transitions from leptokurtic toward Gaussian displacement distributions on time scales tau>tau(Delta). The latter is a signature of intermittency, here interpreted as a transition from bursty transport associated with hopping on intermediate time scales to vortical flows on longer time scales. These intermittency features are quantitatively modeled by a single-particle Itocircumflex-Langevin stochastic equation with a nonlinear drift term.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 80, no 4
critical fluctuations, dusty plasmas, molecular dynamics method, plasma, flow, plasma fluctuations, plasma simulation, plasma transport, processes, probability, stochastic processes, vortices, fokker-planck equation, narrow channels, dusty plasmas, diffusion, dynamics, crystallization, confinement, statistics, liquids
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18919DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.046404ISI: 000271350700081ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70350580726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18919DiVA: diva2:336966
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-18Bibliographically approved