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Microscopic mechanism of charged-particle radioactivity and generalization of the Geiger-Nuttall law
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1406-5695
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
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2009 (English)In: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics, ISSN 0556-2813, E-ISSN 1089-490X, Vol. 80, no 4, 044326- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A linear relation for charged-particle emissions is presented starting from the microscopic mechanism of the radioactive decay. It relates the logarithms of the decay half-lives with two variables, called. chi' and. rho', which depend upon the Q values of the outgoing clusters as well as the masses and charges of the nuclei involved in the decay. This relation explains well all known cluster decays. It is found to be a generalization of the Geiger-Nuttall law in a radioactivity, and therefore we call it the universal decay law. Predictions of the most likely emissions of various clusters are presented by applying the law over the whole nuclear chart. It is seen that the decays of heavier clusters with nonequal proton and neutron numbers are mostly located in the trans-lead region. The emissions of clusters with equal protons and neutrons, like C-12 and O-16, are possible in some neutron-deficient nuclei with Z >= 54.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 80, no 4, 044326- p.
Keyword [en]
decay half-lives, cluster-radioactivity, alpha-decay, heavy-nuclei, spontaneous fission, exotic decays, emission, ba-114, systematics, proton
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18922DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.80.044326ISI: 000271352900039Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70449455906OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18922DiVA: diva2:336969
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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