Micromechanical modeling of grain boundary resistance to cleavage crack propagation in ferritic steels
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Fracture, ISSN 0376-9429, E-ISSN 1573-2673, Vol. 160, no 2, 151-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In ferritic steels a propagating cleavage microcrack changes its propagation direction as it advances from grain to grain. This is due to differences in the orientation of the cleavage planes of two neighboring grains. In order to reach a cleavage plane in a new grain, a microcrack must first penetrate the grain boundary. Grain boundaries therefore act as natural barriers in cleavage fracture. The influence of a grain boundary and the associated misorientation in cleavage planes on crack arrest is here examined using a 3D finite element model with axisymmetric periodicity, representing two grains whose cleavage planes are tilted and twisted relative to each other. The temperature dependent mechanical properties of ferrite are modeled using a temperature dependent viscoplastic response. The development of the crack front as the microcrack penetrates through a grain boundary is here presented. The influence of the twist misorientation on the critical grain size, defined as the largest grain size that can arrest a rapidly propagating microcrack, is examined in a temperature range corresponding to the ductile to brittle transition (DBT) region. It is shown that when both tilt and twist misorientation are present, the influence of tilt and twist, respectively, on crack growth resistance can be decoupled.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 160, no 2, 151-167 p.
Dynamic fracture, Cleavage fracture, Grain boundary resistance, Crack, arrest, Elastic viscoplastic material, fracture initiation, cohesive elements, alloy, shear, iron, temperature, toughness, strength, region, strain
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18960DOI: 10.1007/s10704-009-9415-7ISI: 000271749500004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-75949121805OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18960DiVA: diva2:337007
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-14Bibliographically approved