ARGET ATRP for Versatile Grafting of Cellulose Using Various Monomers
2009 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, Vol. 1, no 11, 2651-2659 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In recent years, cellulose-based materials have attracted significant attention. To broaden the application areas for cellulose, polymers are often grafted to/from the surface to modify its properties. This study applies ARGET (activators regenerated by electron transfer) ATRP (atom transfer radical polymerization) when straightforwardly grafting methyl methacrylate (MMA), styrene (St), and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) from cellulose in the form of conventional filter paper In the presence of a sacrificial initiator. The free polymer, formed from the free initiator in parallel to the grafting, was characterized by H-1 NMR and SEC, showing that sufficient control is achieved. However, the analyses also indicated that the propagation from the surface cannot be neglected compared to the propagation of the free polymer at higher targeted molecular weights, which is an assumption often made. The grafted filter papers were evaluated with FT-IR, suggesting that the amount of polymer on the surface increased with increasing monomer conversion, which the FE-SEM micrographs of the substrates also demonstrated. Water contact angle (CA) measurements implied that covering layers of PMMA and PS were formed on the cellulose substrate, making the surface hydrophobic, in spite of low DPs. The CA of the PGMA-grafted filter papers revealed that, by utilizing either aprotic or protic solvents when washing the substrates, it was possible to either preserve or hydrolyze the epoxy groups. Independent of the solvent used, all grafted filter papers were essentially colorless after the washing procedure because of the low amount of copper required when performing ARGET ATRP. Nevertheless, surface modification of cellulose via ARGET ATRP truly facilitates the manufacturing since no thorough freeze-thaw degassing procedures are required.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 1, no 11, 2651-2659 p.
ARGET ATRP, cellulose, controlled polymerization, grafting from, surface modification of cellulose, functional monomers, glycidyl, methacrylate, reducing agent, transfer radical polymerization, ring-opening polymerization, surface, modification, raft polymerization, reducing agent, methacrylate, polymers, fibers, nanoparticles, styrene
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18979DOI: 10.1021/am900547gISI: 000272039700032ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77951236507OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18979DiVA: diva2:337026
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052012-11-26Bibliographically approved