Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Controlled fabrication of individual silicon quantum rods yielding high intensity, polarized light emission
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5260-5322
2009 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 20, no 50, 1-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Elongated silicon quantum dots (also referred to as rods) were fabricated using a lithographic process which reliably yields sufficient numbers of emitters. These quantum rods are perfectly aligned and the vast majority are spatially separated well enough to enable single-dot spectroscopy. Not only do they exhibit extraordinarily high linear polarization with respect to both absorption and emission, but the silicon rods also appear to luminesce much more brightly than their spherical counterparts. Significantly increased quantum efficiency and almost unity degree of linear polarization render these quantum rods perfect candidates for numerous applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2009. Vol. 20, no 50, 1-5 p.
Keyword [en]
porous si, photoluminescence, nanocrystals, anisotropy, spectroscopy, nanowires, oxidation
National Category
Other Physics Topics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18995DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/20/50/505301ISI: 000272166200006OAI: diva2:337042
QC 20100525Available from: 2012-03-21 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2012-09-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Fabrication and characterization of single luminescing quantum dots from 1D silicon nanostructures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fabrication and characterization of single luminescing quantum dots from 1D silicon nanostructures
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Silicon as a mono-crystalline bulk semiconductor is today the predominant material in many integrated electronic and photovoltaic applications. This has not been the case in lighting technology, since due to its indirect bandgap nature bulk silicon is an inherently poor light emitter.With the discovery of efficient light emission from silicon nanostructures, great new interest arose and research in this area increased dramatically.However, despite more than two decades of research on silicon nanocrystals and nanowires, not all aspects of their light emission mechanisms and optical properties are well understood, yet.There is great potential for a range of applications, such as light conversion (phosphor substitute), emission (LEDs) and harvesting (solar cells), but for efficient implementation the underlying mechanisms have to be unveiled and understood.Investigation of single quantum emitters enable proper understanding and modeling of the nature and correlation of different optical, electrical and geometric properties.In large numbers, such sets of experiments ensure statistical significance. These two objectives can best be met when a large number of luminescing nanostructures are placed in a pattern that can easily be navigated with different measurement methods.This thesis presents a method for the (optional) simultaneous fabrication of luminescent zero- and one-dimensional silicon nanostructuresand deals with their structural and optical characterization.Nanometer-sized silicon walls are defined by electron beam lithography and plasma etching. Subsequent oxidation in the self-limiting regime reduces the size of the silicon core unevenly and passivates it with a thermal oxide layer.Depending on the oxidation time, nanowires, quantum dots or a mixture of both types of structures can be created.While electron microscopy yields structural information, different photoluminescence measurements, such as time-integrated and time-resolved imaging, spectral imaging, lifetime measurements and absorption and emission polarization measurements, are used to gain knowledge about optical properties and light emission mechanisms in single silicon nanocrystals.The fabrication method used in this thesis yields a large number of spatially separated luminescing quantum dots randomly distributed along a line, or a slightly smaller number that can be placed at well-defined coordinates. Single dot measurements can be performed even with an optical microscope and the pattern, in which the nanostructures are arranged, enables the experimenter to easily find the same individual dot in different measurements.Spectral measurements on the single dot level reveal information about processes that are involved in the photoluminescence of silicon nanoparticles and yield proof for the atomic-like quantized nature of energy levels in the conduction and valence band, as evidenced by narrow luminescence lines (~500 µeV) at low temperature. Analysis of the blinking sheds light on the charging mechanisms of oxide-capped Si-QDs and, by exposing exponential on- and off-time distributions instead of the frequently observed power law distributions, argues in favor of the absence of statistical aging. Experiments probing the emission intensity as a function of excitation power suggest that saturation is not achieved. Both absorption and emission of silicon nanocrystals contained in a one-dimensional silicon dioxide matrix are polarized to a high degree. Many of the results obtained in this work seem to strengthen the arguments that oxide-capped silicon quantum dots have universal properties, independently of the fabrication method, and that the greatest differences between individual nanocrystals are indeed caused by individual factors like local environment, shape and size (among others).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xv, 60 p.
Trita-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2012:15
silicon, quantum dot, nanocrystal, nanowire, nanostructure, photoluminescence
National Category
Physical Sciences
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102524 (URN)978-91-7501-486-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-10-12, Sal E, Forum KTH-ICT, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 10:00 (English)
Swedish Research Council

QC 20120920

Available from: 2012-09-20 Created: 2012-09-19 Last updated: 2012-09-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textIOP Science

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bruhn, BenjaminLinnros, Jan
By organisation
Material Physics
In the same journal
Other Physics Topics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 89 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link