Study of Highly Efficient Bimetallic Ruthenium Tris-bipyridyl ECL Labels for Coreactant System
2009 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 81, no 24, 10227-10231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A series of bimetallic ruthenium complexes [(bpy)(2)Ru(bpy)(CH2)(n)(bpy)Ru(bpy)(2)](4+) (1, where bpy is 2,2'-bipyridinyl, n = 3, 5, 8) for the coreactant electrochemiluminescence (ECL) system have been synthesized. Their ECL property at different working electrode has been studied in 0.1 M phosphate buffer by using tripropylamine (TPrA) and 2-(dibutylamino) ethanol (DBAE) as the coreactant. The results demonstrate that the ECL intensity depends largely on the length of the saturated carbon chain linkage: the longer is the carbon chain, the higher is the ECL intensity. A remarkable ECL enhancement (up to about 25 times), in comparison with the commonly used metallic [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+), has been observed from 1c (n = 8) at Pt electrode. With 20 mM TPrA, the log of the ECL intensity increases linearly with the log of complex 1c concentrations over the concentration range of 1.0 x 10(-16) to 1.0 x 10(-6) M at glassy carbon electrode. The detection limit is 1.0 x 10(-16) M at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. This is the highest ECL detection limit for bimetallic system reported until now. The study provides a general methodology to further improve and tune the ECL efficiency by using multimetallic ruthenium complexes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 81, no 24, 10227-10231 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19028DOI: 10.1021/ac9020903ISI: 000272562200049ScopusID: 2-s2.0-72449157862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19028DiVA: diva2:337075
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-24Bibliographically approved