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Incorporating Amylopectin in Poly(lactic Acid) by Melt Blending Using Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl Alcohol) as a Thermoplastic Carrier. (I) Morphological Characterization
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 115, no 3, 1315-1324 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the possibility of using a biodegradable grade of thermoplastic poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) with high (71 mol %) vinyl alcohol (EVOH-29), as a carrier to incorporate the renewable and biodegradable component amylopectin (AP) into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) through melt blending, was investigated. The effect of using a plasticizer/compatibilizer (glycerol) in the blend systems was also investigated. In a first step, the EVOH/AP blends were produced and thereafter, in a second step, these were mixed with PLA. In this first study, the blend morphology was investigated using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and Raman imaging spectroscopy and the thermal properties were measured by differential scanning calorimetry. Despite the fact that EVOH and AP are both highly polar, their blends were immiscible. Still, the blends exhibited an excellent phase dispersion on a micron level, which was enhanced further by the addition of glycerol. A good phase dispersion was finally observed by incorporation of the latter blends in the PLA matrix, suggesting that the proposed blending route can be successfully applied for these systems. Finally, the Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data showed that the melting point of EVOH dropped in the EVOH/AP blends, but the properties of the PLA phase was still relatively unaffected as a result of blending with the above components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 115, no 3, 1315-1324 p.
Keyword [en]
polymer blends, biopolymers, EVOH copolymers, amylopeptine, PLA, packaging applications, biomedical applications, morphology, raman, imaging, rheological properties, mechanical-properties, poly(l-lactic acid), physical-properties, starch, films, crystallinity, permeation, amylose, water
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19041DOI: 10.1002/app.31290ISI: 000272631800008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-73849113716OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19041DiVA: diva2:337088
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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