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Falls prevention through community intervention: A Swedish example
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB. KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Design, Work Environment, Safety and Health, DASH.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4068-6794
2009 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 48, no 2, 204-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to control and reduce fall-related injuries, particularly among women over the age of 55, a safety management and falls prevention campaign was structured and implemented during 2006-2007 in the small industrial town of Sodertalje, Sweden. A local campaign was launched to recruit falls prevention agents, to inform key target groups in the local community, and to educate older people about fall risks. A survey showed that the campaign had a greater impact among professionals with a special relation to fall risk than among the general population. Medical records were used in the evaluation of the outcomes. The results show that between 2005 and 2007 there was a drop of fractures related to falls in the council: an overall drop of 16.7% in the population; among men 55 or older a drop of 12%, among women 55 or older a drop of 15%, among home-dwelling women 55 or older a drop of 5.7% and among women in special accommodation a drop of 44.4%. Expressed in terms of years lost to disability (YLD), the overall drop in hip fractures treated at the local hospital between 2005 and 2007 was 48%. A comparison with National medical records for the same period shows the drop for the intervention area to be much larger than that for Sweden as a whole, although the effect was not statistically significant. The study demonstrates the advantages of a broad, community-based approach to injury prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 48, no 2, 204-208 p.
Keyword [en]
Community intervention, Falls prevention, Regional campaign, Falls, among the elderly, home exercise program, economic-evaluation, controlled trial, elderly-people, older-people, fractures, metaanalysis
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19060DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2009.08.002ISI: 000272917100011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70450225251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19060DiVA: diva2:337107
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Tore Johan

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