Falls prevention through community intervention: A Swedish example
2009 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, Vol. 48, no 2, 204-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In order to control and reduce fall-related injuries, particularly among women over the age of 55, a safety management and falls prevention campaign was structured and implemented during 2006-2007 in the small industrial town of Sodertalje, Sweden. A local campaign was launched to recruit falls prevention agents, to inform key target groups in the local community, and to educate older people about fall risks. A survey showed that the campaign had a greater impact among professionals with a special relation to fall risk than among the general population. Medical records were used in the evaluation of the outcomes. The results show that between 2005 and 2007 there was a drop of fractures related to falls in the council: an overall drop of 16.7% in the population; among men 55 or older a drop of 12%, among women 55 or older a drop of 15%, among home-dwelling women 55 or older a drop of 5.7% and among women in special accommodation a drop of 44.4%. Expressed in terms of years lost to disability (YLD), the overall drop in hip fractures treated at the local hospital between 2005 and 2007 was 48%. A comparison with National medical records for the same period shows the drop for the intervention area to be much larger than that for Sweden as a whole, although the effect was not statistically significant. The study demonstrates the advantages of a broad, community-based approach to injury prevention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 48, no 2, 204-208 p.
Community intervention, Falls prevention, Regional campaign, Falls, among the elderly, home exercise program, economic-evaluation, controlled trial, elderly-people, older-people, fractures, metaanalysis
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19060DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2009.08.002ISI: 000272917100011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70450225251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19060DiVA: diva2:337107
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-08-11Bibliographically approved