Bio-Safe Synthesis of Linear and Branched PLLA
2010 (English)In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 48, no 5, 1214-1219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The catalytic activities of Bi(III) acetate (Bi(OAc)(3)) and of creatinine towards the ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide have been compared with those of a stannous (II) ethylhexanoate ((SnOct)(2))-based system and with those of a system catalyzed by enzymes. All four were suitable catalysts for the synthesis of high and moderate molecular weight poly(L-lactide)s and the differences in reactivity and efficiency have been studied. Linear and branched poly(L-lactide)s were synthesized using these bio-safe initiators together with ethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, and myoinositol as coinitiators. The polymerizations were performed in bulk at 120 and 140 degrees C and different reactivities and molecular weights were achieved by adding different amounts of coinitiators. A molecular weight of 105,900 g/mol was achieved with 99% conversion in 5 h at 120 degrees C with a Bi(OAc)(3)-based system. This system was comparable to Sn(Oct)(2) at 140 degrees C. The reactivity of creatinine is lower than that of Bi(OAc)(3) but higher compared with enzymes lipase PS (Pseudomonas fluorescens). A ratio of Sn(Oct)(2) M-o/I-o 10,000:1 was needed to achieve a polymer with a reasonable low amount of tin residue in the precipitated polymer, and a system catalyzed by creatinine at 140 degrees C has a higher conversion rate than such a system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 48, no 5, 1214-1219 p.
Bi(III) acetate, creatinine, initiator, polyester, ring-opening, polymerization, tin 2-ethylhexanoate, ring-opening polymerization, l-lactide, epsilon-caprolactone, porous, scaffolds, in-vitro, initiators, copolymers, bismuth, poly(epsilon-caprolactone), polylactones
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19255DOI: 10.1002/pola.23884ISI: 000274942000024ScopusID: 2-s2.0-76249099182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19255DiVA: diva2:337302
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2008-5538
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-08-30Bibliographically approved