Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Possibility of Selective Oxidation of Vanadium from Iron and Phosphorus in Fe-V-P Melt
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 81, no 2, 105-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Experiments on a vanadium recovery method from vanadium containing BOF-slag using both a Tamman furnace (3 kg scale) and an induction furnace (150 kg scale) were conducted. The vanadium was extracted into the slag phase by bubbling oxidation gas into a metal bath consisting mainly of V (1-10 mass%), Si (less than 1 mass%) and P (about 1 mass%). The first experiments revealed that the slag formed during oxidation reaction had considerably high phosphate capacity High phosphorus content would rule out the possibility of using the slag as a raw material for the production of ferrovanadium of high quality In order to reduce the P-content in the slag, addition of slag former to reduce phosphate capacity was necessary. A suitable slag system (having the initial composition 40 mass% Al2O3 - 25 mass% CaO - 35 mass% SiO2) and a suitable atmosphere, by using CO2, that enhanced the oxidation of vanadium, but limit the oxidation of iron and phosphorus was found. However, more efforts should be put forward, e.g. study of the phase diagram, the viscosity of the slag and even oxide activities to gain more insight into the slag formed by selective oxidation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 81, no 2, 105-111 p.
Keyword [en]
BOF-slag, vanadium, selective oxidation, liquid-iron, slags
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19276DOI: 10.1002/srin.200900123ISI: 000275142400003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77949438594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19276DiVA: diva2:337323
Projects
MISTRA stålkretsloppet delprojekt Vanadin
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 88031
Note

QC 20100525

Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-09-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Study on Vanadium Extraction from Fe-V-P Melts Derived from Primary and Secondary Sources
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Study on Vanadium Extraction from Fe-V-P Melts Derived from Primary and Secondary Sources
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Vanadium extraction methods were developed for iron-vanadium-phosphorus (Fe-V-P) melts derived from processing of V-bearing titanomagnetites and steel slags. Studies on phase relationships of V slags were carried out to provide important understanding of the extraction processes. Phase relationship in vanadiferous slag was investigated experimentally at 1573K, 1673K and 1773K, for the compositional range of 0-6mass% Al2O3, 1-5mass% CaO, 10-17mass% SiO2, with MnO and V2O3 fixed at 5.5mass% and 30mass%, balanced with FeO. The slags were found to be solid-liquid mixtures, of liquid, spinel and in some cases free silica. Alumina was identified as the preferred additive to prohibit precipitation of free silica. A method for V extraction to vanadiferous slag was developed based on Fe-V(2mass%)-P(0.1mass%) melts at 1677K using a semi-industrial scale BOF. Oxidation was carried out with an oxygen enriched air jet and iron ore pellets. The complete dissolution of pellets was achieved by deliberately creating good stirring conditions utilising high momentary decarburisation rates. The P distribution to the slag was low when good stirring conditions was obtained. Phase relationship in Al2O3-CaO(25-35mass%)-SiO2-VOx slag was investigated experimentally at an oxygen partial pressure of 9.37•10-11atm and 1873K. The maximum solubility of V-oxide in the slag was 9-10mass% V2O3. Two solid phases were found, a solid solution of Al2O3 in V2O3 (karelianite) and hibonite with fractionation of V into the crystal structure. V extraction experiments to Al2O3-CaO-SiO2 based slags were carried out in 150kg scale by blowing CO2 gas into the metal bath consisting mainly of 1-10mass% V and 1mass% P. At these conditions, oxidation of V was favoured over Fe. Up to 10-13mass% V2O3 could be dissolved in the slag before a viscous slag saturated in V-oxide was observed. The phosphate capacity in the slag was low and as a result this slag could at once be subjected to a final reduction step for production of ferrovanadium with 40-50mass% V.

Abstract [sv]

Metoder för att utvinna vanadin till högvärdiga vanadinslagger från metallsmältor innehållande främst järn (Fe), vanadin (V) och fosfor (P) utvecklades. Metallsmältorna framställs genom att processa primära V råvaror, såsom titanomagnetit, och sekundära råvaror av i huvudsak vanadinrik stålslagg. Fasstudier av högvärdiga vanadinslagger genomfördes som grund för utvecklingsarbetet. Experimentella fasstudier av vanadinspinellslagg med 30vikt% V2O3 och 5.5vikt% MnO genomfördes vid en temperatur av 1573K, 1673K och 1773K. Övriga komponenter i slaggen varierades inom ett intervall av 0-6vikt% Al2O3, 1-5vikt% CaO och 10-17vikt% SiO2, viktad med järnoxid. Samtliga slagger var sammansatt av både flytande- och fastfas. Den fasta fasen utgjordes främst av en vanadin- och järnrik spinellfas och i vissa fall även av fri SiO2. Genom försök i en stålkonverter i semi-industriell skala utvecklades och validerades en metod för vanadinutvinning från råjärnsmältor innehållande 2vikt% V och 0.1vikt% P, vid en temperatur av 1677K. Oxidationen utfördes med syreanrikad luft via en vattenkyld topplans och genom tillsats av hematit pellets. Omsättningen av pellets säkerhetsställdes genom god omrörning som erhölls under korta perioder med höga gasvolymer som en effekt av hög avkolningstakt. Råjärnet efter behandlingen innehöll cirka 3vikt% C och 0.1vikt% V. Producerad vanadinspinellslagg bestod av upp till 30vikt% V2O3. Fosforfördelningen till slaggen var låg under processbetingelser med god omrörning. Experimentella fasstudier av Al2O3-CaO(25-35vikt%)-SiO2-VOx slagg genomfördes vid en temperatur av 1873K och ett syrepartialtryck av 9.37·10-10atm. Den maximala lösligheten av vanadinoxid i slaggen var 9-10vikt% V2O3. Två fasta faser identifierades, V2O3 (Karelianit) med fast löslighet av Al2O3 och Hibonit med vanadinoxid inlöst i kristallstrukturen. Experimentella försök för att utvinna vanadin från en stålsmälta bestående av 1-10vikt% V och 1vikt% P till en slagg med en initial sammansättning av 7-40vikt% Al2O3, 25-35vikt% CaO och 27-64vikt% SiO2 utfördes i en skala av 150kg. Oxidation av vanadin åstadkoms genom att blåsa in CO2 gas i stålsmältan via en spolsten. Under dessa processförhållanden var oxidationen av vanadin gynnsam framför järn och fosfor. Lösligheten av vanadinoxid i slaggen var upp till 10-13vikt% V2O3. Slagg mättad med vanadinoxid var viskös som en konsekvens av utfällning av V2O3 med inlöst Al2O3. Slaggens gynnsamma vanadin och järn- samt vanadin och fosfor förhållande möjliggör att genom slutreduktion producera ferrovanadin med en vanadinhalt av 40-50vikt% och låg fosforhalt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 64 p.
Keyword
vanadium, V, V2O5, V2O3, ferrovanadium, vanadiferous, titaniferous, titanomagnetites, magnetite, spinel, slag, experimental, free, spinel, converter, LD, BOF, solubility, equilibrium, selective, oxidation, hibonite, karelianite, Al2O3, CaO, SiO2
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213747 (URN)978-91-7729-490-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-26, Sal F3, Lindstedtvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVAMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 88031
Note

QC 20170912

Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Sichen, Du

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sichen, Du
By organisation
Micro-Modelling
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 87 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf