THE DEFOR-S EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF DEBRIS FORMATION WITH CORIUM SIMULANT MATERIALS
2010 (English)In: Nuclear Technology, ISSN 0029-5450, Vol. 170, no 1, 219-230 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Characteristics of corium debris beds formed in a severe core melt accident are studied in the Debris Bed Formation-Snapshot (DEFOR-S) test campaign, in which superheated binary-oxidic melts (both eutectic and non-eutectic compositions) as the corium simulants are discharged into a water pool. Water subcooling and pool depth are found to significantly influence the debris fragments' morphology and agglomeration. When particle agglomeration is absent, the tests produced debris beds with porosity of similar to 60 to 70%. This porosity is significantly higher than the similar to 40% porosity broadly used in contemporary analysis of corium debris coolability in light water reactor severe accidents. The impact of debris formation on corium coolability is further complicated by debris fragments' sharp edges, roughened surfaces, and cavities that are partially or fully encapsulated within the debris fragments. These observations are made consistently in both the DEFOR-S experiments and other tests with prototypic and simulant corium melts. Synthesis of the debris fragments from the DEFOR-S tests conducted under different melt and coolant conditions reveal trends in particle size, particle sphericity, surface roughness, sharp edges, and internal porosity as functions of water subcooling and melt composition. Qualitative analysis and discussion reaffirm the complex interplay between contributing processes (droplet interfacial instability and breakup, droplet cooling and solidification, cavity formation and solid fracture) on particle morphology and, consequently, on the characteristics of the debris beds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 170, no 1, 219-230 p.
severe accident, debris bed, debris morphology, prediction, particles, porosity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19335ISI: 000275924900021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77951003760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19335DiVA: diva2:337382
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-14Bibliographically approved