Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Experimental Studies on the Sulfide Capacities of CaO-SiO2-CrOx Slags
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Process Science.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Process Science.
2010 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 41, no 2, 367-373 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the desulfurization process during the refining of Cr-containing steel grades, this work was initiated to study the reactions between Cr-sulfur and chromium-containing slags. The sulfide capacities of CaO-SiO2-CrOx pseudo-ternary slags were measured using the traditional gas-slag equilibration technique between 1823 K and 1923 K. Sixteen different slag compositions were examined, and two different equilibrium oxygen partial pressures were used to understand the impact of the varying valence of Cr on the sulfide capacities. The results showed that log(10) Cs varied linearly with the reciprocal T, and the slope was higher than the corresponding value reported for the binary CaO-SiO2 of corresponding composition. It was difficult to isolate the relative effects of the bi- and trivalent Cr in the slags because the Cr2+/Cr3+ ratio was influenced by the basicity of the slag. By using the equation developed by these authors earlier that related Cr2+/Cr3+ with basicity, oxygen partial pressure, and temperature, it was possible to obtain an approximate trend of the CrO effect on the sulfide capacities; viz. the sulfide shows a decreasing trend as Cr2+ replaces Ca2+ in the slag. With a continued increase of Cr2+ content, indications of the occurrence of a minimum point were observed; beyond which the sulfide capacities showed a slight increasing trend. The latter was attributed, based on slag-structure analysis by Gaskell et al., to the increasing extent of the polymerization reaction releasing oxygen ions for sulfide reactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 41, no 2, 367-373 p.
Keyword [en]
strongly reducing conditions, silicate melts, thermodynamic properties, cao-al2o3-sio2 slags, chromium-oxide, phase-diagrams, system, 1500-degrees-c, optimization, equilibria
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19363DOI: 10.1007/s11663-009-9338-8ISI: 000276235800011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77951299236OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19363DiVA: diva2:337410
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Experimental and modelling studies of the thermophysical and thermochemical properties of some slag systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental and modelling studies of the thermophysical and thermochemical properties of some slag systems
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In order to optimize the metallurgical processes it is necessary to improve the understandings of the industrial slag properties, which include thermophysical and thermochemical properties. In the present study Mass Triangle Model was applied to predict these properties. According to the model formula, a program was developed in Visual C++ environment to calculate different properties in limited solubility ternary system. Successful applications of this model in predicting viscosity, surface tension, and density have been demonstrated in the case of a number of ternary slags in liquid state, as for example, RExOy-CaF2-SiO2 (RE refer to rare earth metal), MnO-TiO2-SiO2, CaO-Al2O3-SiO2, BaO-FeO-Fe2O3, CaO-MnO-SiO2 etc. In addition, the method has also been extended to predict electrical conductivities and sulphide capacities, which is first attempt to compute properties. Furthermore, an extension of this model has also been performed in the present study to obtain the corresponding properties in a homogeneous ternary system. Good agreement between model calculation and literature values had demonstrated that mass triangle model offers a powerful and efficient tool for estimations of various properties of molten system only based on limited experimental information.

Knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of chromium oxides-containing slags is of great importance to chromium retention in stainless steel production, in view of chromium impacts on economic costs and environmental protection. Thus, the oxidation states of chromium in slags as well as sulphide capacity of CrOx-containing slag have been studied. In the studies of oxidation state of chromium in slags, gas/slag equilibrium technique was used for CaO-SiO2-CrOx system and the ratio of Cr2+/Cr3+ in multicomponent slags was measured by X-ray absorption near edge spectra (XANES). High-temperature mass spectrometry method was also used to obtain the distribution of chromium oxides in CaO-MgO(-FeO)-Al2O3-SiO2-CrOx system. It is to be noted that the present work is probably the first to employ Knudsen cell-mass spectrometry as an effective way to estimate chromium valences through vapor species. Utilizing the data obtained in present study as well as those reported in literature, a mathematical correlation was established for estimating the ratio of Cr2+/Cr3+ as a function of temperature, partial pressure of oxygen and slag basicity. The comparison between experimental valence ratio values and estimated ones presents a satisfactory agreement.

The sulphide capacities of CaO-SiO2-CrOx pseudo-ternary slags were measured using the gas-slag equilibration technique in the temperature range 1823–1923 K under two different oxygen partial pressures 9.80×10-3 and 9.88×10-4 Pa. The results showed that log10Cs varied linearly with the reciprocal temperature, and the slope was higher than the corresponding value reported in the case of the binary CaO-SiO2 of corresponding composition. By using the equation developed as part of this project relating Cr2+/Cr3+ with basicity, oxygen partial pressure and temperature, it was possible to understand the effect of CrO on the sulphide capacities; viz. the sulphide capacity shows a decreasing trend as Cr2+ replaces Ca2+ in the slag. With further increase of Cr2+ content, there are indications of the occurrence of a minimum point beyond which the sulphide capacities show a slight increasing trend. The latter is attributed to the increasing extent of the polymerization reaction releasing oxygen ions for sulphide reactions in the metasilicate region. The behavior of CrO in the slag was found to be analogous to FeO.

Estimation of liquidus and solidus temperature of slag was also carried out in the present study. The results indicated that it is possible to get a reasonable idea of the solidus temperature from X-ray radiography while DSC would indicate the liquidus temperature of slag

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. viii, 50 p.
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11232 (URN)978-91-7415-440-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-10-30, Salongen, KTHB, Osquars Backe 31, stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
MISTRA
Note

QC 20100813

Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-11-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wang, LijunSeetharaman, Seshadri
By organisation
Materials Process Science
In the same journal
Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science
Materials Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 60 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf