Experimental Studies on the Sulfide Capacities of CaO-SiO2-CrOx Slags
2010 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 41, no 2, 367-373 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To understand the desulfurization process during the refining of Cr-containing steel grades, this work was initiated to study the reactions between Cr-sulfur and chromium-containing slags. The sulfide capacities of CaO-SiO2-CrOx pseudo-ternary slags were measured using the traditional gas-slag equilibration technique between 1823 K and 1923 K. Sixteen different slag compositions were examined, and two different equilibrium oxygen partial pressures were used to understand the impact of the varying valence of Cr on the sulfide capacities. The results showed that log(10) Cs varied linearly with the reciprocal T, and the slope was higher than the corresponding value reported for the binary CaO-SiO2 of corresponding composition. It was difficult to isolate the relative effects of the bi- and trivalent Cr in the slags because the Cr2+/Cr3+ ratio was influenced by the basicity of the slag. By using the equation developed by these authors earlier that related Cr2+/Cr3+ with basicity, oxygen partial pressure, and temperature, it was possible to obtain an approximate trend of the CrO effect on the sulfide capacities; viz. the sulfide shows a decreasing trend as Cr2+ replaces Ca2+ in the slag. With a continued increase of Cr2+ content, indications of the occurrence of a minimum point were observed; beyond which the sulfide capacities showed a slight increasing trend. The latter was attributed, based on slag-structure analysis by Gaskell et al., to the increasing extent of the polymerization reaction releasing oxygen ions for sulfide reactions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 41, no 2, 367-373 p.
strongly reducing conditions, silicate melts, thermodynamic properties, cao-al2o3-sio2 slags, chromium-oxide, phase-diagrams, system, 1500-degrees-c, optimization, equilibria
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19363DOI: 10.1007/s11663-009-9338-8ISI: 000276235800011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77951299236OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19363DiVA: diva2:337410
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052011-01-19Bibliographically approved