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Tar evolution profiles obtained from gasification of biomass and coal
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology. (Kemisk Teknologi)
2000 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, Vol. 18, no 1, 87-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The tar content of the product gases from gasification of biomass is one of the major factors affecting the subsequent process stages. In this work, evolution profiles of the main tar constituents, i.e. benzene, toluene, indene, naphthalene and phenol were obtained during about 1 h gasification runs of biomass and coal in a pressurised fluidised-bed at 700 and 900 degrees C, 0.4 MPa. Sampling and analysis was achieved, using the solid-phase adsorption (SPA) method, previously developed in our laboratory. Our main objectives were: (1) to illustrate the usefulness of the SPA method; (2) to shed new light on the main factors governing tar evolution. It was found that temperature and the type of feedstock used mainly affected tar yields. For both biomass and coal the concentration of tar products decreased with increasing run time at a rate that was fastest initially. This behaviour, which was much more pronounced for coal, provides evidence that char catalytically affects tar evolution. Accordingly, char accumulates in the bed to a various extent depending on fuel and gradually approaching steady state. Biomass char, contrary to coal char, is readily oxidised during gasification, and thus only small steady-state amounts are available to catalyse tar cracking reactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 18, no 1, 87-91 p.
Keyword [en]
tar profiles, solid-phase adsorption (SPA), biomass and coal gasifications, sampling and analysis, char activity, fluidized-bed reactor, wood, pyrolysis
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19479ISI: 000084714700009OAI: diva2:338171
QC 20100525 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved

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