Parallel reactions in open chip-based nanovials with continuous compensation for solvent evaporation
2000 (English)In: Electrophoresis, ISSN 0173-0835, E-ISSN 1522-2683, Vol. 21, no 1, 91-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In an earlier report (Litborn, E., Emmer,,Angstrom., Roeraade, J., Anal. Chim. Acta 1999, 401, 11-19, we described a technique for performing chemistry in chip-based vials. A major problem, solvent evaporation, was partially remedied by using a closed humidity chamber. in this paper we report an improved technique for performing parallel reactions in open, 15 nL volume, chip-based vials. The evaporation of solvent from the reaction fluid was continuously compensated by addition of solvent via an array of microcapillaries. The suitability of the method was demonstrated by performing eight separate peptide maps of myoglobin in parallel, using the three enzymes trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin and endoproteinase Glu-C. The total amount of myoglobin utilized to perform the eight digests was less than 100 pmol. The corresponding amount of enzymes was ca. 0.1 pmol per reaction. In order to evaluate the operating limits of the technique, a study of the evaporation of solvents from a series of vials with proportionally smaller volumes operated at different temperatures was performed. The results showed that the concept for continuous compensation of solvent evaporation should be applicable to reaction volumes down to 30 pL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 21, no 1, 91-99 p.
chip chemistry, nanovial, parallel, protein digest, evaporation, capillary zone electrophoresis, assay miniaturization, mass-spectrometry, on-column, arrays, picoliter, combinatorial, microreactor, fluorescence, microvials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19507ISI: 000085065800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19507DiVA: diva2:338199
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved