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Modeling of solute drag in the massive phase transformation
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
2000 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 48, no 2, 461-468 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of solute drag in the massive phase transformation is evaluated through the dissipation of Gibbs energy by diffusion. As an introduction, the solute drag in grain boundary migration is first examined using the wedge-shaped energy function considered by Cahn and by Lucke and Stuwe. The effect of a diffusivity varying from a low value in the bulk to a high value in the center of the boundary is examined. It decreases the solute drag drastically. For the massive phase transformation it is demonstrated how the solute drag increases by the tendency for segregation and by a high diffusivity in the interface but it decreases if the diffusivity is lower than in the parent phase. The most important contribution to solute drag comes from the spike of solute atoms in the parent phase being pushed forward by the advancing interface. The spike is thus an obstacle for growth that must be broken through in order for diffusion-controlled growth to turn partitionless. The possibility of dynamic nucleation is also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 48, no 2, 461-468 p.
Keyword [en]
phase transformation, interface diffusion, thermodynamics, kinetics, solute drag, diffusion, alloys
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19540ISI: 000085318200008OAI: diva2:338232
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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