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Rates and mechanisms of water exchange of UO22+(aq) and UO2(oxalate)F(H2O)(2)(-): A variable-temperature O-17 and F-19 NMR study
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7552-1076
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2000 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 39, no 4, 799-805 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study consists of two parts: The first part comprised an experimental determination of the kinetic parameters for the exchange of water between UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) and bulk water, including an ab initio study at the SCF and MP2 levels of the geometry of UO2(H2O)(5)(2+), UO2(H2O)(4)(2+), and UO2(H2O)(6)(2+) and the thermodynamics of their reactions with water. In the second part we made an experimental study of the rate of water exchange in uranyl complexes and investigated how this might depend on inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bond interactions. The experimental studies, made by using O-17 NMR, with Tb3+ as a chemical shift reagent, gave the following kinetic parameters at 25 degrees C: k(ex) = (1.30 +/- 0.05) x 10(6) s(-1); Delta H double dagger = 26.(1) +/- 1.(4) kJ/mol; Delta S double dagger = -40 +/- 5 J/(K mol). Additional mechanistic indicators were obtained from the known coordination geometry of U(VI) complexes with unidentate ligands and from the theoretical calculations. A survey of the literature shows that there are no known isolated complexes of UO22+ with unidentate ligands which have a coordination number larger than 5. This was corroborated by quantum chemical calculations which showed that the energy gains by binding an additional water to UO2(H2O)(4)(2+) and UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) are 29.8 and -2.4 kcal/mol, respectively. A comparison of the change in Delta U for the reactions UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) --> UO2(H2O)(4)(2+) + H2O and UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) + H2O --> UO2(H2O)(6)(2+) indicates that the thermodynamics favors the second (associative) reaction in gas phase at 0 K, while the thermodynamics of water transfer between the first and second coordination spheres, UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) --> UO2(H2O)(4)(H2O)(2+) and UO2(H2O)(5)(H2O)(2+) --> UO2(H2O)(6)(2+), favors the first (dissociative) reaction. The energy difference between the associative and dissociative reactions is small, and solvation has to be included in ab initio models in order to allow quantitative comparisons between experimental data and theory. Theoretical calculations of the activation energy were not possible because of the excessive computing time required. On the basis of theoretical and experimental studies, we suggest that the water exchange in UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) follows a dissociative interchange mechanism. The rates of exchange of water in UO2(oxalate)F(H2O)(2-) (and UO2(oxalate)F-2(H2O)(2-) studied previously) are much slower than in the aquation, k(ex) = 1.6 x 10(4) s(-1), an effect which we assign to hydrogen bonding involving coordinated water and fluoride. The kinetic parameters for the exchange of water in UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) and quenching of photo excited *UO2(H2O)(5)(2+) are very near the same, indicating similar mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 39, no 4, 799-805 p.
Keyword [en]
nuclear magnetic-resonance, density-functional theory, aqueous-solution, dioxouranium(vi) complexes, uranyl complexes, lanthanide ions, aqua ions, pressure, kinetics, dynamics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19570ISI: 000085472100028OAI: diva2:338262
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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