Corrosion mechanisms for nickel exposed to the atmosphere
2000 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, Vol. 147, no 3, 1010-1014 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Physical and chemical information on nickel corrosion layer formation, evolution, morphology, and chemical makeup is organized and presented, together with information on nickel-containing minerals and other crystalline structures that might be expected to be present. The chemical reactions involved in the formation of these constituents during the corrosion process are then surveyed. By far the most abundant of the typical corrosion products are various forms of nickel sulfates, including hydroxysulfates and the mineral retgersite (alpha-NiSO4. 6H(2)O). The presence of these species is shown to be a natural consequence of the thin aqueous layer chemistry involving atmospheric SO2 and SO42- that occurs on nickel in humid environments. Formation pathways for retgersite and gaspeite are shown in schematic diagrams. Comprehensive kinetic simulations of the corrosion processes have begun to provide insight into the corrosion chemistry but-are limited by a shortage of laboratory determinations of the rates of dissolution, precipitation, and transformation of nickel-containing chemical species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 147, no 3, 1010-1014 p.
chemical mechanisms, chemistry, copper, model, iron, ni
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19630ISI: 000085912700030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19630DiVA: diva2:338322
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved