Atmospheric oxidation of the pyritic waste rock in Maardu, Estonia, 2: an assessment of aluminosilicate buffering potential
2000 (English)In: Environmental Geology, ISSN 0943-0105, E-ISSN 1432-0495, Vol. 39, no 6, 560-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The assessment of the aluminosilicate buffering potential during acid weathering of the Estonian alum shale is provided. It is found that the stoichiometric interaction between dissolved pyrite oxidation products and illite of the shale best describe the buffering process and are consistent with earlier field studies. The scheme includes incongruent dissolution of illite with smectite and K-jarosite precipitating. This complex mechanism involves buffering of 8% of the acidity by K+ and temporary precipitation of 25% of the acidity as K-jarosite. Dissolution proceeds at a low pH (1.5-3) until all pyrite in the shale particle is oxidised. Hence, if the total amount of illite present is larger than needed for stoichiometric interactions, only part of it is involved in a buffering process, neutralising a certain percentage of acidity. The next stage in shale weathering is the incongruent dissolution of K-jarosite with the release of the precipitated acidity and the formation of ferric oxyhydroxide.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 39, no 6, 560-566 p.
pyrite, oxidation, aluminosilicate, buffering, pH, acid-mine drainage, coal strip mines, carbonate, model, transport, tailings, jarosite, oxygen, iron
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19758ISI: 000087047900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19758DiVA: diva2:338450
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved