The atmospheric corrosion of zinc has been studied at 4, 22, and 38 degrees C. The samples were exposed to synthetic air with careful control of CO2 concentration, relative humidity, and flow conditions. The relative humidity was 95%, and the concentrations of CO2 were <1 and 350 ppm, respectively. Sodium chloride was added before the exposures (0, 14. and 70 mu g/cm(2)). Mass gain and metal loss results are reported. As expected, NaCl is corrosive toward zinc, giving rise to heavy pitting. In the absence of CO2, the rare of the NaCl-induced corrosion was found to increase strongly with temperature. However, in the presence of CO2, the corrosion rate of zinc is independent of temperature. In the absence of CO2. zincite, ZnO, is the dominant corrosion prod;ct, while zinc hydroxy carbonates and simonkolleite, Zn-5(OH)(8)Cl-2. H2O, dominate in the presence of CO2. A mechanism is presented that explains the observations.
2000. Vol. 147, no 5, 1751-1757 p.