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F-19 NMR study of the equilibria and dynamics of the Al3+/F- system
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7552-1076
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2000 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 39, no 12, 2530-2537 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A careful reinvestigation by high-field F-19 NMR (470 MHz) spectroscopy has been made of the Al3+/F- system in aqueous solution under carefully controlled conditions of pH, concentration, ionic strength (I), and temperature. The F-19 NMR spectra show five distinct signals at 278 K and I = 0.6 M (TMACl) which have been attributed to the complexes AlFi(3-i)+(aq) with i less than or equal to 5. There was no need to invoke AlFi(OH)(j)((3-i-j)+) mixed complexes in the model under our experimental conditions (pH less than or equal to 6.5), nor was any evidence obtained for the formation of AlF63-(aq) at very high ratios of F-/Al3+. The stepwise equilibrium constants obtained for the complexes by integration of the F-19 signals are in good agreement with literature data given the differences in medium and temperature. In I = 0.6 M TMACl at 278 K and in I = 3 M KCl at 298 K the log K-i values are 6.42, 5.31, 3.99, 2.50, and 0.84 (for species i = 1-5) and 6.35, 5.25, and 4.11 (for species i = 1-3), respectively. Disappearance of the F-19 NMR signals under certain conditions was shown to be due to precipitation. Certain 19F NMR signals exhibit temperature- and concentration-dependent exchange broadening. Detailed line shape analysis of the spectra and magnetization transfer measurements indicate that the kinetics are dominated by F- exchange rather than complex formation. The detected reactions and their rate constants are AlF22+ + *F- reversible arrow AIF*F2+ + F- (k(02) = (1.8 +/- 0.3) x 10(6) M-1 s(-1)), AlF30 + *F- reversible arrow (AlF2F0)-F-* + F- (k(03) = (3.9 +/- 0.9) x 10(6) M-1 s(-1)), and AlF30 + H*F reversible arrow AlF2*F-0 + HF (k(03)(H) = (6.6 +/- 0.5) x 10(4) M-1 s(-1)). The rates of these exchange reactions increase markedly with increasing F- substitution. Thus, the reactions of AlF2+(aq) were too inert to be detected even on the T-1 NMR time scale, while some of the reactions of AlF30(aq) were fast, causing large line broadening. The ligand exchange appears to follow an associative interchange mechanism. The cis-trans isomerization of AlF2+(aq), consistent with octahedral geometry for that complex, is slowed sufficiently to be observed at temperatures around 270 R. Difference between the Al3+/F- system and the much studied Al3+/OH- system are briefly commented on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 39, no 12, 2530-2537 p.
Keyword [en]
ligand-exchange reactions, aqueous-solution, complexes, hydroxide, fluoride, salts
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19826ISI: 000087589400017OAI: diva2:338518
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Szabo, Zoltan
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