Effects of glass fiber size composition (film-former type) on transverse cracking in cross-ply laminates
2000 (English)In: Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing, ISSN 1359-835X, Vol. 31, no 10, 1083-1090 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transverse cracking is an important phenomenon in the context of fluid leakage in pipes and pressure vessels. Multiple transverse cracking in [0/90](S) glass-fiber-reinforced vinylester and epoxy laminates with six different fiber surface treatments (size) is examined. Film-former composition is the variable since this component can be easily changed also in commercial size formulations. The influence of the film-former polymer on transverse cracking is significant in epoxy laminates and very strong in vinylester laminates. Both onset of transverse cracking and slope of crack density vs, strain are influenced. Remarkably low crack densities were observed in some vinylester laminates. Micromechanisms of cracking are interpreted. Correlation is established between transverse cracking behavior and interfacial shear strength measured by single fragmentation tests. The strong film-former effect is proposed to be due to a combination of improved interfacial adhesion and the plasticizing effect from the film-former on the interphase region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 31, no 10, 1083-1090 p.
transverse cracking, film-former polymer, interfacial shear-strength, mechanical-properties, reinforced polyester, statistical-theory, fracture, adhesion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19995ISI: 000088981300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19995DiVA: diva2:338688
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved