The application of life cycle assessment to integrated solid waste management. Part 2 - Perspectives on energy and material recovery from paper
2000 (English)In: Process Safety and Environmental Protection, ISSN 0957-5820, E-ISSN 1744-3598, Vol. 78, no B4, 288-294 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The environmental aspects of different waste management options for paper materials are the subject of an ongoing debate. A large number of life cycle assessments have been performed in order to study the topic. The comparison between recycling and incineration with energy recovery is often in focus. Different studies have arrived at different conclusions due to differences in the methods applied and assumptions made in the Life cycle inventory analysis (LCI). Key factors for the LCI results include what energy is replaced by incinerated waste paper, what material is replaced by recycled fibres, how the pulpwood savings are used, what external energy carrier is used for the recycling process, and what environmental burdens are associated with a change in the electricity demand. These factors can be investigated for different decision contexts and from different ethical, time and geographical perspectives. Different choices are appropriate for different decisions and perspectives. Hence, to obtain an adequate conclusion, the comparison needs to be specified in terms of what perspectives are relevant.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 78, no B4, 288-294 p.
life cycle assessment, waste management, recycling, incineration, paper, incineration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20032ISI: 000089255100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20032DiVA: diva2:338725
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved