Analysis of p53 mutations in single cells obtained from histological tissue sections
2000 (English)In: Analytical Biochemistry, ISSN 0003-2697, E-ISSN 1096-0309, Vol. 287, no 1, 25-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have previously reported on direct sequence analysis of the p53 gene in laser-dissected single cells from tissue sections, where each allele of two fragments (exons 7 and 8) could be accurately analyzed in only 14% of the cells due to the high frequency of exon and allele dropout. Here in an effort to minimize this problem, we have investigated various approaches for sample preparation and gene amplification. By pinpointing some critical steps in the procedure, we could increase the number of investigated exons and substantially improve the genetic analysis of single cells obtained from histochemically stained frozen tissue sections. The biggest improvement was achieved by minimizing DNA degradation using EDTA as a nuclease inhibitor in all sample preparation steps. Efforts to increase primer annealing, by increasing the concentration of template and primers, in addition to prolonging the annealing and extension times, also improved the amplification efficiency. With these measures we can now amplify six individual exons of the p53 gene (exons 4-9) in 70% of the cells and in 50% of these cells both alleles are amplified. This allows application of the method in various investigations such as within the held of tumor pathology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 287, no 1, 25-31 p.
polymerase chain-reaction, laser capture microdissection, whole genome amplification, dna-polymerase, genetic-analysis, archival tissue, allele dropout, fidelity, sequence, pcr
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20195ISI: 000165698000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20195DiVA: diva2:338888
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved