Phase transition of thermosensitive amphiphilic cellulose esters bearing olig(oxyethylene)s
2000 (English)In: Polymer Bulletin, ISSN 0170-0839, E-ISSN 1436-2449, Vol. 45, no 05-apr, 381-388 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A series of cellulose esters bearing olig(oxyethylene)s with different degree of substitution (DS) and different length of the oxyethylene chain were synthesized by a homogeneous reaction of cellulose with corresponding monofunctional acid chloride in a 10% LiCl-dimethyl acetoamide (DMAc) solution. The effect of total DS value on the solubility of the derivatives in aqueous solution was investigated. It was found that the lower limit DS value for both water-soluble and amphiphilic derivatives decreases with increasing length of oxyethylene chains. The amphiphilic derivatives, which are soluble in both water and chloroform, precipitate out of aqueous solution on heating without gel forming, such a phase transition behavior was studied in terms of DS value, length of oxyethylene and concentration. The precipitation temperature (T-p) of the amphiphilic derivatives is range from 54 degreesC to 96 degreesC. It decreases with increasing the total DS value, and increases with an increase in the length of oxyethylene chains. The T-p value of the derivatives was found to be almost independent in the concentration range of 1-15 wt %, however the T-p value increases sharply with decreasing polymer concentration when the concentration is lower than 1 wt%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 45, no 05-apr, 381-388 p.
graft-copolymers, temperature, polymers, glycol), solubility, acetate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20242DOI: 10.1007/s002890070011ISI: 000166000900011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0034486373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20242DiVA: diva2:338935
QC 201505202010-08-102010-08-102015-05-20Bibliographically approved