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Development of nitrification inhibition assays using pure cultures of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2001 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 35, no 2, 433-440 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Restricted requirements for nitrogen reduction at wastewater treatment plants have increased the need for assays determining the inhibition of nitrification. In this paper, two new essays studying ammonia oxidation and nitrite oxidation, respectively, are presented. As test organisms, pure cultures of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter isolated from activated sludge are used. The assays are performed in test tubes where the bacteria are incubated with the compound or wastewater to be tested. The nitrification rate is measured during 4h and compared with reference samples. The test organisms were characterised with respect to temperature, pH and cell activity. Optimum temperature was 35 degreesC for Nitrosomonas and 38 degreesC for Nitrobacter; optimum pH was 8.1 for Nitrosomonas and 7.9 for Nitrobacter. There was a linear relationship between the nitrification rate and the cell concentration in the studied interval. The cell activity decreased slightly with storage time. A significant level of inhibition was calculated to 11% for the Nitrosomonas assay, and to 9% for the Nitrobacter assay. The assays are applicable to determination of nitrification inhibition in samples of industrial waste waters or influents of treatment plants, or chemical substances likely to be found in wastewater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 35, no 2, 433-440 p.
Keyword [en]
inhibition of nitrification, bioassays, nitrosomonas, nitrobacter, pure culture, wastewater treatment, nitrogen removal, ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, 16s ribosomal-rna, waste-water, toxicity, dna, europaea
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20297ISI: 000166466700012OAI: diva2:338991
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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