Measurement of wood wettability by the Wilhelmy method - Part 2. Determination of apparent contact angles
2001 (English)In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, Vol. 55, no 1, 33-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This work focuses on the determination of apparent contact angles on wood by the Wilhelmy method. In this method, the force acting on an object is measured during a test cycle involving immersion in and withdrawal from a probe liquid. Fresh and aged veneers of extracted and non-extracted heart- and sapwood of pine were investigated. The results indicate that wicking of the probe liquids. into and along the porous wood veneers, occurs during the test cycles and that this strongly affects the determination of contact angles. It is suggested that two different wicking phenomena occur. First, when the veneer contacts the liquid, an instantaneous 'initial wicking' occurs. It is suggested that this initial wicking is influenced primarily by the liquid density and structural properties of the specimen (such as porosity and sur face roughness), and not by surface energetics. An initial wicking constant was therefore estimated for the different veneer samples based on measurements in octane. Second, after the initial wicking, a continuing 'secondary wicking' is observed. In some cases. this may result in zero contact angle after a certain immersion depth. Contact angles should, therefore, be estimated from the initial part of the immersion, where the secondary wicking can be neglected. This may also reduce any contamination of the probe liquids by extractives. The Wilhelmy method stems to be a valuable tool for estimating the wetting properties of wood, permitting reproducible measurements of apparent contact angles provided that there is efficient control of wicking and contamination effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 55, no 1, 33-41 p.
apparent contact angles, contamination, extractives, wettability, wicking, Wilhelmy method, wood, dynamic wettability, surface-energy, pulp fibers
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20357ISI: 000166896600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20357DiVA: diva2:339052
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved