Study of the deoxidation of steel with aluminum wire injection in a gas-stirred ladle
2001 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 32, no 2, 319-328 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present work, the deoxidation of liquid steel with aluminum wire injection in a gas-stirred ladle was studied by mathematical modeling using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. This was complemented by an industrial trial study conducted at Uddeholm Tooling AB (Hagfors, Sweden). The results of the industrial trials were found to be in accordance with the results of the model calculation. In order to study the aspect of nucleation of alumina, emphasis was given to the initial period of deoxidation, when aluminum wire was injected into the bath. The concentration distributions of aluminum and oxygen were calculated both by considering and not considering the chemical reaction. Both calculations revealed that the driving force for the nucleation of Al2O3 was very high in the region near the upper surface of the bath and close to the wire injection. The estimated nucleation rate in the vicinity of the aluminum wire injection point was much higher than the recommended value for spontaneously homogeneous nucleation, 10(3) nuclei/(cm(3)/s). The results of the model calculation also showed that the alumina nuclei generated at the vicinity of the wire injection point are transported to other regions by the flow.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 32, no 2, 319-328 p.
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20539ISI: 000168143100013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20539DiVA: diva2:339235
NR 201408042010-08-102010-08-102013-02-24Bibliographically approved