Properties of nitrocellulose-coated and polyethylene-laminated chitosan and whey films
2001 (English)In: Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, ISSN 0887-6266, E-ISSN 1099-0488, Vol. 39, no 10, 985-992 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chitosan (chitosan acetic acid salt) and whey (65% protein) films were coated with a nitrocellulose lacquer or laminated with polyethylene to enhance their water resistance and gas barrier properties in humid environments. The barrier properties were measured by the Cobb,, test and water-vapor (100% relative humidity) transmission and oxygen (90% relative humidity) permeability tests. Mechanical properties were obtained with tensile tests. Packaging properties were studied with crease and folding tests. The Cobb,, test revealed that the coated films were resistant to liquid water, at least for a short exposure time, if the coating thickness was at least 10-17 mum. Water-vapor transmission rates comparable to those of polyethylene-laminated films were obtained for coated chitosan at a coating thickness of 5-7 mum. The coated films possessed low oxygen permeability despite the high humidity. Coated films dried for 3 weeks showed oxygen permeabilities at 90% relative humidity that were similar to values for dry ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol at 0% relative humidity. The lacquer partly penetrated the whey films, and this led to excellent adhesion but poor lacquer toughness. The lacquer coating on chitosan was tougher, and it was possible to fold these films 90 degrees without the coating fracturing if the coating thickness was small. The coated whey films were readily creasable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 39, no 10, 985-992 p.
chitosan, whey, film, packaging, nitrocellulose, water-vapor permeability, protein edible films, mechanical-properties, emulsion films
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20543ISI: 000168200200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20543DiVA: diva2:339239
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved