Soil frost effects on soil water and runoff dynamics along a boreal transect: 2. Simulations
2001 (English)In: Hydrological Processes, ISSN 0885-6087, E-ISSN 1099-1085, Vol. 15, no 6, 927-941 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A physically based SVAT-model was rested with soil and snow physical measurements, as well as runoff data fr om an 8600 m(2) catchment in northern Sweden in order to quantify the influence of soil frost on spring snowmelt runoff in a moderately sloped, boreal forest. The model was run as an array of connected profiles cascading to the brook. For three winter seasons (1995-98) it was able to predict the onset and total accumulation of the runoff with satisfactory accuracy. Surface runoff was identified as only a minor fraction of the total runoff occurring during short periods in connection with ice blocking of the water-conducting pores. Little surface runoff, though, does not mean that soil frost is unimportant for spring runoff. Simulations without frost routines systematically underestimated the total accumulated runoff. The possibility of major frost effects appearing in response to specific combinations of weather conditions were also tested. Different scenarios of critical initial conditions for the winter, e.g, high water saturation and delayed snow accumulation leading to an increased frost penetration, were tested. These showed that under special circumstances there is potential for increased spring runoff due to soil frost.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 15, no 6, 927-941 p.
soil frost, boreal forest, snowmelt runoff, SVAT-model, snowmelt runoff, frozen soil, forest soil, infiltration, plots, flow
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20602ISI: 000168557500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20602DiVA: diva2:339298
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved