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Quantum phase transition in one-dimensional Josephson junction arrays
KTH, Superseded Departments, Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8534-6577
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2001 (English)In: Physica. C, Superconductivity, ISSN 0921-4534, Vol. 352, no 04-jan, 55-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We describe experiments on one-dimensional arrays of small capacitance Josephson junctions which show how the Coulomb blockade of Cooper pair tunneling is influenced by changing the Josephson coupling energy in situ with an externally applied magnetic flux. We show how the zero bias resistance of the array is affected by the length of the array, and we use the length scaling of this resistance to infer that a quantum phase transition occurs as the Josephson coupling energy is changed. The data are qualitatively analyzed in terms of a theoretical model of the quantum phase transition which uses a mapping to the two-dimensional XY model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 352, no 04-jan, 55-60 p.
Keyword [en]
superconductor-insulator transition, Josephson junction arrays, quantum critical phenomena, Coulomb blockade, Cooper pairs
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20627ISI: 000168684600012OAI: diva2:339323
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Haviland, David B.
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